Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/68430
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorCooper, A.en
dc.date.issued2011en
dc.identifier.citationNature, 2011; 479(7373):359-364en
dc.identifier.issn0028-0836en
dc.identifier.issn1476-4687en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/68430-
dc.description.abstractDespite decades of research, the roles of climate and humans in driving the dramatic extinctions of large-bodied mammals during the Late Quaternary period remain contentious. Here we use ancient DNA, species distribution models and the human fossil record to elucidate how climate and humans shaped the demographic history of woolly rhinoceros, woolly mammoth, wild horse, reindeer, bison and musk ox. We show that climate has been a major driver of population change over the past 50,000 years. However, each species responds differently to the effects of climatic shifts, habitat redistribution and human encroachment. Although climate change alone can explain the extinction of some species, such as Eurasian musk ox and woolly rhinoceros, a combination of climatic and anthropogenic effects appears to be responsible for the extinction of others, including Eurasian steppe bison and wild horse. We find no genetic signature or any distinctive range dynamics distinguishing extinct from surviving species, emphasizing the challenges associated with predicting future responses of extant mammals to climate and human-mediated habitat change.en
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityEline D. Lorenzen...Alan Cooper...et al.en
dc.language.isoenen
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen
dc.rights©2011 Macmillan Publishers Limited. All rights reserveden
dc.subjectAnimals; Mammals; Bison; Reindeer; Horses; Humans; DNA, Mitochondrial; Bayes Theorem; Population Dynamics; Species Specificity; Geography; Time Factors; Fossils; Human Activities; History, Ancient; Molecular Sequence Data; Europe; Siberia; Extinction, Biological; Genetic Variation; Mammoths; Climate Change; Biotaen
dc.titleSpecies-specific responses of Late Quaternary megafauna to climate and humansen
dc.typeJournal articleen
dc.identifier.rmid0020114717en
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/nature10574en
dc.identifier.pubid26817-
pubs.library.collectionEarth and Environmental Sciences publicationsen
pubs.verification-statusVerifieden
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.