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Type: Journal article
Title: Using Self-Organising Maps (SOMs) to assess synchronies: An application to historical eucalypt flowering records
Author: Hudson, I.
Keatley, M.
Leemaqz, S.
Citation: International Journal of Biometeorology, 2011; 55(6):879-904
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0020-7128
Statement of
Irene L. Hudson, Marie R. Keatley, Shalem Y. Lee
Abstract: Self-Organising Map (SOM) clustering methods applied to the monthly and seasonal averaged flowering intensity records of eight Eucalypt species are shown to successfully quantify, visualise and model synchronisation of multivariate time series. The SOM algorithm converts complex, nonlinear relationships between high-dimensional data into simple networks and a map based on the most likely patterns in the multiplicity of time series that it trains. Monthly- and seasonal-based SOMs identified three synchronous species groups (clusters): E. camaldulensis, E. melliodora, E. polyanthemos; E. goniocalyx, E. microcarpa, E. macrorhyncha; and E. leucoxylon, E. tricarpa. The main factor in synchronisation (clustering) appears to be the season in which flowering commences. SOMs also identified the asynchronous relationship among the eight species. Hence, the likelihood of the production, or not, of hybrids between sympatric species is also identified. The SOM pattern-based correlation values mirror earlier synchrony statistics gleaned from Moran correlations obtained from the raw flowering records. Synchronisation of flowering is shown to be a complex mechanism that incorporates all the flowering characteristics: flowering duration, timing of peak flowering, of start and finishing of flowering, as well as possibly specific climate drivers for flowering. SOMs can accommodate for all this complexity and we advocate their use by phenologists and ecologists as a powerful, accessible and interpretable tool for visualisation and clustering of multivariate time series and for synchrony studies.
Keywords: Synchrony; Phenology; Moran effect; Eucalypts; Data visualisation; SOMs
Rights: © ISB 2011
RMID: 0020114955
DOI: 10.1007/s00484-011-0427-4
Appears in Collections:Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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