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Type: Journal article
Title: Comparison of surgical and non-surgical methods of treating palatally impacted canines. II - Aesthetic outcomes
Author: Ling, K.
Ho, C.
Kravchuk, O.
Olive, R.
Citation: Australian Orthodontic Journal, 2007; 23(1):8-15
Publisher: Australian Society of Orthodontists
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0587-3908
Statement of
Kwok K. Ling, Christopher T. C. Ho, Olena Kravchuk and Richard J. Olive
Abstract: Background: Palatally impacted maxillary canines may appear unsightly after treatment because of changes in position and colour. Aim: To determine if palatally impacted canines treated either by surgical exposure and orthodontic repositioning or by creation of space in the arch and unassisted eruption have different aesthetic outcomes. Methods: Twenty eight subjects with unilateral palatally impacted canines who had completed orthodontic treatment at least 6 months previously were recruited from three specialist practices. In 14 subjects the canines had been treated by surgical exposure, orthodontic extrusion and repositioning in the arch (SE group) and in the remainder the deciduous canines were extracted and excess space created in the arch for the canines to erupt naturally (OT group). The contralateral canines were used as controls. The mean pretreatment ages of the subjects in the SE and OT groups were 13.5 (SD: 1.6) years and 13.5 (SD: 1.3) years respectively. The position and colour of the canines were assessed on post-treatment study models and 35 mm slides using the American Board of Orthodontics Objective Grading System (ABO OGS) and subjective appraisal by two orthodontists. Each subject used a semantic scale to rate the aesthetic outcome of treatment. Results: Sixty four per cent of the treated canines in the SE group were significantly more ‘intruded’ than the treated canines in the OT group (p = 0.004) and the control canines (p = 0.004). The ABO OGS grades of the canines in the SE and OT groups were similar (p = 0.173). While the assessors detected a lack of labial root torque and gingival margin changes in the canines in the SE group, the subjects in both groups were satisfied with the appearance of the canines post-treatment. Conclusions: Palatally impacted canines treated by surgical exposure, extrusion and orthodontic treatment were more likely to be displaced vertically (‘intruded’) after treatment than palatally impacted canines treated by extraction of the overlying deciduous canines and creation of excess space in the arch. Small occlusal and aesthetic changes detected by the orthodontists, but not the ABO OGS, did not appear to detract from the satisfaction of the subjects with the results of orthodontic treatment.
Keywords: Cuspid
Tooth, Deciduous
Tooth, Impacted
Oral Surgical Procedures
Tooth Extraction
Statistics, Nonparametric
Retrospective Studies
Esthetics, Dental
Orthodontics, Corrective
Peer Review
Tooth Eruption
Patient Satisfaction
Orthodontic Extrusion
Space Maintenance, Orthodontic
Tooth Movement Techniques
Rights: Copyright status unknown
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