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|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||An analysis of arrow and string bag craft variability in the Upper Sepik and Central New Guinea|
|Citation:||Oceania, 2011; 81(3):259-279|
|Andrew Fyfe and Jill Bolton|
|Abstract:||This paper describes an analysis of relationships between language, geography and material culture in the upper Sepik region of New Guinea. We used Mantel tests and principal coordinate analysis to assess and compare the associations between arrow and string bag crafts and language and geographical distance. The Mantel tests resulted in a significant association between each class' craft variability and both geographical distance and language, however, after statistical control was applied to either of the independent variables only a significant association with geographical distance remained. We argue that these results indicate craft techniques were readily disseminated and that craft distributions are unlikely to reflect any deeper historical relationships between groups. The spatial autocorrelation of arrow crafts was particularly great. A comparison of the principal coordinate analysis plots indicates a greater degree of diffusion and synthesis had taken place between lowland and highland arrow craft traditions. We conclude that the more intensive learning regimes needed to master string bag craft techniques, as well as a greater degree of interdependence between string bag components, had ensured more abrupt differences between bag types resulting in a more moderate degree of spatial autocorrelation.|
|Keywords:||Sepik; material culture; diffusion; geographical distance; language; arrows; string bags|
|Appears in Collections:||Geography, Environment and Population publications|
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