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Type: Journal article
Title: Assessing desirable levels of sensory properties in Sauvignon Blanc wines - consumer preferences and contribution of key aroma compounds
Author: King, E.
Osidacz, P.
Curtin, C.
Bastian, S.
Francis, I.
Citation: Australian Journal of Grape and Wine Research, 2011; 17(2):169-180
Publisher: Australian Society of Viticulture and Oenology
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 1322-7130
Statement of
E.S. King, P. Osidacz, C. Curtin, S.E.P. Bastian and I.L. Francis
Abstract: Background and Aims:  This study aimed to investigate the sensory properties and aroma compounds responsible for driving consumer preference of Sauvignon Blanc wines. Methods and Results:  Three thiols, including their respective enantiomers, a methoxypyrazine and a combination of esters were added singly and in combinations to a neutral white wine at realistic concentrations to mimic Sauvignon Blanc wines. A sensory descriptive analysis of 21 samples was conducted. While each thiol contributed to tropical and cat urine/sweaty attributes, 3-mercaptohexyl acetate (3MHA) was of particular importance. The ‘green’ characteristics were primarily related to methoxypyrazine, but thiols were also found to contribute to a cooked green vegetal attribute. The aroma and flavour of the methoxypyrazine dominated the sensory properties of other components. The thiol S-enantiomers gave higher cooked green vegetal or cat urine/sweaty than their R-counterparts. Six combinations and the base wine were evaluated for liking by 150 consumers. One cluster of consumers (31%) preferred wines with higher tropical and confectionary aroma; a second cluster (43%) preferred wines with 'green' attributes; and the final cluster's liking was positively related to solvent and 'green' attributes, and negatively to tropical and cat urine/sweaty. Conclusions:  There were strong and varied interactive effects among the compounds studied. A sizeable proportion of consumers tested preferred the samples with 'green' attributes, with a minority preferring the 'fruit' aromas.
Keywords: consumer liking
sensory descriptive analysis
volatile thiol
white wine
Rights: © 2011 The Australian Wine Research Institute
DOI: 10.1111/j.1755-0238.2011.00133.x
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Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications
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