Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/69905
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dc.contributor.authorAnkeny, R.-
dc.contributor.authorLeonelli, S.-
dc.date.issued2011-
dc.identifier.citationStudies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 2011; 42(2 Sp Iss):313-323-
dc.identifier.issn0039-3681-
dc.identifier.issn1879-2510-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/2440/69905-
dc.description.abstractThis paper aims to identify the key characteristics of model organisms that make them a specific type of model within the contemporary life sciences: in particular, we argue that the term " model organism" does not apply to all organisms used for the purposes of experimental research. We explore the differences between experimental and model organisms in terms of their material and epistemic features, and argue that it is essential to distinguish between their representational scope and representational target. We also examine the characteristics of the communities who use these two types of models, including their research goals, disciplinary affiliations, and preferred practices to show how these have contributed to the conceptualization of a model organism. We conclude that model organisms are a specific subgroup of organisms that have been standardized to fit an integrative and comparative mode of research, and that it must be clearly distinguished from the broader class of experimental organisms. In addition, we argue that model organisms are the key components of a unique and distinctively biological way of doing research using models. © 2010.-
dc.description.statementofresponsibilityRachel A. Ankeny and Sabina Leonelli-
dc.description.urihttp://www.journals.elsevier.com/studies-in-history-and-philosophy-of-science-part-a/-
dc.language.isoen-
dc.publisherPergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd-
dc.rightsCrown Copyright 2010 Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.-
dc.subjectExperimental organism-
dc.subjectGenetics-
dc.subjectModel organism-
dc.subjectModeling-
dc.subjectPhilosophy of biology-
dc.subjectRepresentation-
dc.titleWhat's so special about model organisms?-
dc.typeJournal article-
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.shpsa.2010.11.039-
pubs.publication-statusPublished-
dc.identifier.orcidAnkeny, R. [0000-0002-1547-6031]-
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
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