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Type: Journal article
Title: Posttraumatic intrusive symptoms across psychiatric disorders
Author: Bryant, R.
O'Donnell, M.
Creamer, M.
McFarlane, A.
Silove, D.
Citation: Journal of Psychiatric Research, 2011; 45(6):842-847
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0022-3956
Statement of
Richard A. Bryant, Meaghan L. O'Donnell, Mark Creamer, Alexander C. McFarlane, Derrick Silove
Abstract: Reexperiencing symptoms are a key feature of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study investigated the pattern of reexperiencing symptoms in non-PTSD posttraumatic disorders. This study recruited 1084 traumatically injured patients during hospital admission and conducted follow-up assessment 12 months later (N = 817, 75%). Twelve months after injury, 22% of patients reported a psychiatric disorder they had never experienced prior to the traumatic injury. One-third of patients with a non-PTSD disorder satisfied the PTSD reexperiencing criteria. Whereas patients with a non-PTSD disorder were more likely to experience intrusive memories, nightmares, psychological distress and physiological reactivity to reminders, only patients with PTSD were likely to experience flashback memories (OR: 11.41, 95% CI: 6.17-21.09). The only other symptom that was distinctive to PTSD was dissociative amnesia (OR: 4.50, 95% CI: 2.09-9.71). Whereas intrusive memories and reactions are common across posttraumatic disorders, flashbacks and dissociative amnesia are distinctive to PTSD.
Keywords: Trauma
Posttraumatic stress disorder
Rights: Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jpsychires.2010.11.012
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