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Type: Thesis
Title: Practical issues of using negative impedance circuits as an antenna matching element.
Author: Wong, Fu Tian
Issue Date: 2011
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: In the design of antenna systems, it is well known that there are trade-offs between bandwidth and size. As the size of an antenna reduces, in proportion to wavelength, there is a reduction in bandwidth. Wavelength at HF is of the order of tens of meters and so practical HF antennas either have narrow bandwidth or are very large in size. This conclusion holds when passive matching circuits are used, but it is possible that active circuits could provide improved bandwidth. Negative Impedance Converters (NICs) are active circuits that provide a promising avenue for achieving a high bandwidth with electrically small HF antennas. This thesis focuses on tackling the practical issues of using NIC based matching networks for HF reception. The work presented in this thesis contributes to the research on NICs as HF matching networks in several ways: (i) the interaction of the environment with the non-linearity in the NIC circuit; (ii) a comparison between the external and internal noise effects; and (iii) the stability of the NICs when operated as matching circuits at HF frequencies. In this thesis, a brief introduction is presented to the previous work to reduce the size of antennas. This includes a short summary on the development of the NIC and its application as a matching network. The thesis then continues with a theoretical analysis of the NIC and its application as an antenna matching circuit. The thesis also provides an investigation on various practical issues namely the stability of the circuit, device variations, noise and the effects of non-linearity. It was found that device variations, noise and non-linearity did not pose a serious problem. Stability, however, was found to be an important issue and that the NIC circuit had to be carefully loaded to maintain stability. This research is a contribution towards the use of NICs in HF receive systems and could help bring to fruition the dream of small sized HF antennas with high bandwidth. In particular, HF radios for domestic purposes could benefit from such a research outcome.
Advisor: Coleman, Christopher John
Al-Sarawi, Said Fares Khalil
Dissertation Note: Thesis (M.Eng.Sc.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2011
Keywords: negative impedance converters; HF; antennas; matching networks; NIC
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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