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Type: Journal article
Title: Agricultural distortions in Sub-Saharan Africa: trade and welfare indicators, 1961 to 2004
Author: Croser, J.
Anderson, K.
Citation: World Bank Economic Review, 2011; 25(2):250-277
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0258-6770
Statement of
Johanna L. Croser and Kym Anderson
Abstract: For decades, agricultural price and trade policies in Sub-Saharan Africa hampered farmers' contributions to economic growth and poverty reduction. This paper draws on a modification of so-called trade restrictiveness indexes to provide theoretically precise partial-equilibrium indicators of the trade and welfare effects of agricultural policy distortions to producer and consumer prices in 19 African countries since 1961. Annual time series estimates are provided not only by country but also, for the region, by commodity and by policy instrument. The findings reveal the considerable extent of policy reform over the past two decades, especially through reducing export taxation; but they also reveal that national policies continue to reduce trade and economic welfare much more in Sub-Saharan Africa than in Asia or Latin America.
Keywords: F14 - empirical studies of trade N57 - Africa; Oceania F15 - economic integration Q17 - agriculture in international trade Q18 - agricultural policy; food policy F13 - trade policy; international trade organizations
Rights: © The Author 2011. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the International Bankfor Reconstruction and Development / THE WORLD BANK. All rights reserved
RMID: 0020111121
DOI: 10.1093/wber/lhr012
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Appears in Collections:Economics publications

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