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|Title:||Penetration of engineered antibody fragments into the eye|
|Citation:||Clinical and Experimental Immunology, 2002; 128(1):67-74|
|Publisher:||Blackwell Science Ltd|
|Abstract:||Antibodies are powerful immunotherapeutic agents but their use for treating ocular disorders is limited by their poor penetration into the eye. We hypothesized that antibody fragments of relatively small size might penetrate the cornea more readily. Monovalent single chain variable region (scFv) antibody fragments and divalent miniantibodies were engineered from existing monoclonal antibodies, expressed in a bacterial expression system, and purified by metal ion affinity chromatography. Corneoscleral preparations from normal pig and cat eyes were mounted in a corneal perfusion chamber. Intact antibodies and antibody fragments were applied topically to the anterior corneal surface over 12-h periods, and samples were collected from the artificial anterior chamber. Similar experiments were performed with whole enucleated pig and human eyes. Penetration of antibodies and fragments was quantified by highsensitivity flow cytometry on appropriate target cells. Both monovalent scFv and divalent miniantibody fragments (but not whole immunoglobulin molecules) passed through de-epithelialized and intact corneas after topical administration, and could be detected by antigen binding. Addition of 0•5% sodium caprate facilitated penetration through intact corneas. Topically-applied scFv was found to penetrate into the anterior chamber fluid of rabbit eyes in vivo. The engineered fragments were stable and resistant to ocular proteases. Monovalent and divalent antibody constructs of molecular weight 28kD and 67kD, respectively, can penetrate through intact corneas into the anterior chamber, with retention of appropriate antigen-binding activity. Such constructs may form novel therapeutic agents for topical ophthalmic use.|
|Keywords:||engineered antibody fragments; cornea; immunotherapeutics|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics publications|
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