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|Title:||Towards drug discovery for brain tumours: interaction of kinins and tumours at the blood brain barrier interface|
|Citation:||Recent Patents on CNS Drug Discovery, 2011; 6(1):31-40|
|Publisher:||Bentham Science Publishers Ltd.|
|Elizabeth Harford-Wright, Kate M. Lewis and Robert Vink|
|Abstract:||Cancers of the brain are intrinsically more complicated to treat than systemic malignancies due to the unique anatomical features of the brain. The blood-brain barrier prevents chemotherapeutic agents from reaching brain neoplasms, and angiogenesis occurs as the metabolic needs of the tumour increase, thus further complicating treatment. The newly formed blood vessels form the blood-tumour barrier and are distinct from the blood-brain barrier in that they are more permeable. Being more permeable, these abnormal blood vessels lead to the formation of peri-tumoural edema, which is the cause of much morbidity and mortality associated with central nervous system neoplasms. While the cause of the increased permeability is unclear, kinins have been implicated in regulating the permeability of normal vasculature. Kinins are also known to exert many inflammatory actions affecting both normal and angiogenic blood vessels, as well as tumour cells. The vasodilatory and vascular permeabilizing effects of kinins, and particularly bradykinin and substance P, have been investigated with regard to delivery of chemotherapeutic agents to neoplastic brain tissue through both vascular barriers. In contrast, kinin receptor antagonists have been found to exert effects on tumour cells that result in decreased angiogenesis, tumour cell motility and growth. Thus, many recent patents describe kinin activity on brain vasculature, which may play an integral role in the development of treatments for malignancies in the central nervous system through amelioration of angiogenesis. In conjunction, patents that discuss the ability of kinins to decrease tumour cell migration and proliferation demonstrate that kinins may offer novel approaches to brain tumour therapy in the future.|
|Keywords:||Blood-Brain Barrier; Humans; Brain Neoplasms; Disease Progression; Kinins; Angiogenesis Modulating Agents; Drug Discovery|
|Rights:||Copyright © 2011 Bentham Science Publishers|
|Appears in Collections:||Medical Sciences publications|
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