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Type: Journal article
Title: Enhancement of coir fiber normal incidence sound absorption coefficient
Author: Fouladi, M.
Nor, M.
Ayub, M.
Ghassem, M.
Citation: Journal of Computational Acoustics, 2012; 20(1):1-15
Publisher: World Scientific Publ Co Pte Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0218-396X
Statement of
Mohammad Hosseini Fouladi, Mohd. Jailani Mohd. Nor, Md. Ayub, Masomeh Ghassem
Abstract: Coir fiber from coconut husk is an important agricultural waste in Malaysia. The porous structure of fiber makes it an eligible material for acoustical absorption. In previous studies at Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, single layer coir fiber showed low acoustical absorption in medium and low frequencies; e.g. absorption coefficient of a 20 mm industrial prepared coir fiber sample was below 0.3 for frequencies less than 1.5 kHz. Current research was initiated to improve the shortcoming by mixing industrial prepared coir fiber with air gap layers. Analyzes were based on two approaches, namely; Delany–Bazley with acoustic transmission analysis (ATA) and Allard elastic model with transfer matrix analysis. Experimental measurements were conducted in impedance tube to validate the analytical results. Outcomes described that Delany–Bazley-ATA technique was an approximate solution showing overall absorption path without giving any accurate information about the peaks and resonances. Allard method took the elasticity of material into account and transfer matrices were able to characterize the whole structure as a combination of single layers. Results were close to experimental values and predicted the path and resonances very well. Further analyzes were conducted by Allard method and derived that having a fiber layer backed by an air gap was better than leaving the same gap in between that layer. The explanation was that, in the first arrangement, the sound field impacted a solid layer with higher thickness and followed a longer transmission path which caused a higher acoustical absorption. Furthermore, it was noticed that a reasonable thickness of backing air gap improved the overall sound absorption. Increase in the gap thickness produced more peaks and moved them to lower frequencies which caused better absorption in low frequencies. The cause of this phenomenon was increase in impedance of the panel due to rise in the air-gap thickness. This moved the acoustical resonances to lower frequencies and improved the sound absorption in this frequency span. Finally, it was concluded that other acoustic absorption techniques such as adding perforated plate may be combined with coir fiber-air gap structure to improve the low frequency acoustic absorption coefficient without any need to highly increase the air gap thickness.
Keywords: Coir fiber; acoustic absorption coefficient; porous material; Delany–Bazley; acoustic transmission analysis (ATA); Allard elastic model
Rights: Copyright © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Co.
RMID: 0020118339
DOI: 10.1142/S0218396X11004493
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering publications

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