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Type: Journal article
Title: A practical acoustical absorption analysis of coir fiber based on rigid frame modeling
Author: Ayub, M.
Nor, M.
Fouladi, M.
Zulkifli, R.
Amin, N.
Citation: Acoustical Physics, 2012; 58(2):246-255
Publisher: Maik Nauka/Interperiodica Publ
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1063-7710
Statement of
Md. Ayub, Mohd Jailani Mohd Nor, Mohammad Hosseini Fouladi, Rozli Zulkifli and Nowshad Amin
Abstract: An analytical study based on rigid frame model is demonstrated to evaluate the acoustic absorption of coir fiber. Effects of different conditions such as combination of air gap and perforated plate (PP) are studied in this work. Materials used here are treated as rigid rather than elastic, since the flow resistivity of coir fiber is very low. The well-known rigid frame Johnson-Allard equivalent-fluid model is applied to obtain the acoustic impedance of single layer coir fiber. Atalla and Sgard model is employed to estimate the surface impedance of PP. Acoustic transmission approach (ATA) is utilized for adding various consecutive layers in multilayer structure. Models are examined in different conditions such as single layer coir fiber, coir fiber backed with air gap, single layer PP in combination with coir fiber and air gap. Experiments are conducted in impedance tube on normal incidence sound absorption to validate the results. Results from the measurement are found to be in well agreement with the theoretical absorption coefficients. The performance of the rigid frame modeling method is checked more specifically in all conditions, by the mean prediction error rate of normal incidence sound absorption coefficients. Comparison between the measured absorption coefficients and predicted by rigid frame method shows discrepancy lower than 20 and 15% for most of the conditions in the frequency range of 0.2–1.5 and 1.5–5 kHz, respectively. Moreover, acoustic absorption of various single and multilayer structures is compared with the simpler empirical methods such as Delany-Bazley and Miki model; and complicated method such as Biot-Allard Model and Allard Transfer Function (TF) method. Comparisons show that the presented method offers a better accuracy of the results than the empirical models. Subsequently, it can provide almost same absorption plot with Biot-Allard model (single layer combination) and TF method (multilayer combination) proving it to be a comprehensively easy and general analytical tool. Therefore, the rigid frame model can be implemented relatively easier than other similar models to analyze the acoustic absorption of coir fiber in most of the conditions.
Keywords: Coir fiber; rigid frame model; absorber panel; analytical technique; Atalla and Sgard model
Rights: © Springer
RMID: 0020117674
DOI: 10.1134/S1063771012020194
Appears in Collections:Mechanical Engineering publications

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