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Type: Journal article
Title: Development of Eighteen Mile Swamp, North Stradbroke Island: a palaeolimnological study
Author: Mettam, P.
Tibby, J.
Barr, C.
Marshall, J.
Citation: Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland, 2011; 117:119-130
Publisher: Royal Society of Queensland
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0080-469X
Statement of
P. Mettam, J. Tibby, C. Barr and J.C. Marshall
Abstract: Relatively little is known about the formation and stability of coastal wetlands in Australia and less still is understood about the formation of fresh groundwater fed wetlands in coastal environments. Eighteen Mile Swamp is a shallow, groundwater fed, freshwater coastal wetland stretching almost the entire length of the eastern side of North Stradbroke Island, south east Queensland. In order to determine the timing and nature of Eighteen Mile Swamp’s formation and evolution, and to examine the response of the wetland to climate, we examined the diatom record from a 210 cm sediment core. The approximately 650 year record was taken from an open water pool on the western margin of the swamp, approximately half way along its north-south axis. Diatom assemblages and sediment analysis were used to reconstruct the wetland’s history and indicate that Eighteen Mile Swamp evolved from an estuarine system to a freshwater acidic wetland approximately 420 years ago. From this time onwards, the diatom record demonstrates very little variation, indicating an apparent resistance to climatic variability and human interference.
Keywords: Limnology; field work; wetlands
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020118572
Description (link):;dn=551227430936341;res=IELHSS
Appears in Collections:Geography, Environment and Population publications
Environment Institute publications

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