Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/72597
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Type: Journal article
Title: Application of functional genomic information to develop efficient EST-SSRs for the chicken (Gallus gallus)
Author: Bakhtiarizadeh, M.
Arefnejad, B.
Ebrahimie, E.
Ebrahimi, M.
Citation: Genetics and Molecular Research, 2012; 11(2):1558-1574
Publisher: Funpec-Editora
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1676-5680
1676-5680
Statement of
Responsibility: 
M.R. Bakhtiarizadeh, B. Arefnejad, E. Ebrahimie and M. Ebrahimi
Abstract: Many years of domestication and breeding have given rise to the wide range of chicken breeds that exist today; however, an increasing number of local chicken breeds are under threat of extinction. A comprehensive characterization of chicken markers (especially type I markers) is needed to monitor and conserve genetic diversity in this species. The explosion of genomics and functional genomics information in recent years has opened new possibilities for the generation of molecular markers. We analyzed a large number of expressed sequence tags (ESTs) to test the possibility of using EST-derived microsatellite markers for investigating the Gallus gallus genome. Chromosomal locations for the majority of these SSRs were predicted. Of the 31,576 unigenes assembled from the 544,150 redundant EST sequences, 1757 SSR markers were discovered on 1544 ESTs, using the SSRLocator software, with an average density of 28.7 kb per SSR. The dimer motifs were the most frequent (46.38%), followed by trimeric (38.58%), tetrameric (10.19%), pentameric (4.5%), and hexameric (<1%) markers. Different from the case for cattle and sheep, AT/TA was the most abundant dimeric repeat, accounting for 41.71% of all dimeric repeats in the chicken ESTs. The EST-SSR distribution was not uniform among the chromosomes; the majority of the EST-SSRs were located on chromosomes GGA2 and GGA10. We found that most of the EST-SSRs are involved in positive regulation of cellular and metabolic processes. This is the first time that EST sequences have been mined to find chicken microsatellites. On average, 3.8% of the G. gallus UniGene sequences could be exploited for development of EST-SSRs, indicating a good source for molecular markers as well as for functional genome analysis.
Keywords: Animals
Chickens
Microsatellite Repeats
Expressed Sequence Tags
Rights: © FUNPEC-RP
DOI: 10.4238/2012.May.21.12
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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