Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/72609
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Type: Journal article
Title: Experimental comparison of aerial larvicides and habitat modification for controlling disease-carrying Aedes vigilax mosquitoes
Author: de Little, S.
Williamson, G.
Bowman, D.
Whelan, P.
Brook, B.
Bradshaw, C.
Citation: Pest Management Science, 2012; 68(5):709-717
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1526-498X
1526-4998
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Responsibility: 
Siobhan C de Little, Grant J Williamson, David MJS Bowman, Peter I Whelan, Barry W Brook and Corey JA Bradshaw
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Microbial and insect-growth-regulator larvicides dominate current vector control programmes because they reduce larval abundance and are relatively environmentally benign. However, their short persistence makes them expensive, and environmental manipulation of larval habitat might be an alternative control measure. Aedes vigilax is a major vector species in northern Australia. A field experiment was implemented in Darwin, Australia, to test the hypotheses that (1) aerial microbial larvicide application effectively decreases Ae. vigilax larval presence, and therefore adult emergence, and (2) environmental manipulation is an effective alternative control measure. Generalised linear and mixed-effects modelling and information-theoretic comparisons were used to test these hypotheses. RESULTS: It is shown that the current aerial larvicide application campaign is effective at suppressing the emergence of Ae. vigilax, whereas vegetation removal is not as effective in this context. In addition, the results indicate that current larval sampling procedures are inadequate for quantifying larval abundance or adult emergence. CONCLUSIONS: This field-based comparison has shown that the existing larviciding campaign is more effective than a simple environmental management strategy for mosquito control. It has also identified an important knowledge gap in the use of larval sampling to evaluate the effectiveness of vector control strategies.
Keywords: vector control; field experiments; larvicide; environmental management; Australia
Rights: Copyright © 2011 Society of Chemical Industry
RMID: 0020118313
DOI: 10.1002/ps.2317
Grant ID: http://purl.org/au-research/grants/arc/LP0667619
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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