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Type: Journal article
Title: Osteoclast resorption of thermal spray hydoxyapatite coatings is influenced by surface topography
Author: Gross, K.
Muller, D.
Lucas, H.
Haynes, D.
Citation: Acta Biomaterialia, 2012; 8(5):1948-1956
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1742-7061
Statement of
Karlis A. Gross, Dirk Muller, Helen Lucas and David R. Haynes
Abstract: Coating characteristics such as composition, crystallite features and topography collectively impact the cell response. The influence from splats has not yet been assessed for hydroxyapatite (HAp) thermal spray coatings. The objective of this work is to (a) survey the topography on commercial implants, (b) ascertain topography formation from single splats, and (c) determine the osteoclast resorption pattern on a topographically refined coating compared to dentine. Coatings on dental implants, an orthopedic screw, a femoral stem and a knee implant were studied for reference. The effects of substrate pre-heat, roughness, spray distance and particle size on the coating roughness and topography were studied. Human-derived osteoclasts were placed on a coating with refined topography and compared to dentine, a polished coating and polished sintered HAp. A pre-heat of at least 200°C on titanium was required to form rounded splats. The greatest influence on coating roughness and topography arose from particle size. A 2-fold increase in the mean particle size from 30 to 72 μm produced a significant difference (P<0.001) in roughness from 4.8 and 9.7 μm. A model is shown to illustrate topography formation, nanostructure evolution on single splats, and the topography as seen in commercial implants. Osteoclasts showed a clear preference for activity on coatings with refined topography. A one-way ANOVA test revealed a significantly greater pit depth (P=0.022) for dentine (14 μm) compared to the as-sprayed and polished coating (5 μm). Coatings with topography display a similar number of resorption pits with dentine, but a 10-fold greater number than polished coatings, emphasizing the importance of flattened droplet topography on implant surfaces.
Keywords: Cells, Cultured
Coated Materials, Biocompatible
Materials Testing
Cell Adhesion
Hot Temperature
Rights: Crown Copyright © 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd. on behalf of Acta Materialia Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI: 10.1016/j.actbio.2012.01.023
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Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Medical Sciences publications

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