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Type: Journal article
Title: Psychosocial functioning in adults with congenital craniofacial conditions
Author: Roberts, R.
Mathias, J.
Citation: Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Journal, 2012; 49(3):276-285
Publisher: Amer Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Assoc
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1055-6656
Statement of
R.M. Roberts and J.L. Mathias
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychosocial functioning of adults with congenital craniofacial conditions relative to normative data. DESIGN: Single sample cross-sectional design. SETTING: The Australian Craniofacial Unit, Women’s and Children’s Hospital, Adelaide, which is one of the main craniofacial treatment centers in Australia. PARTICIPANTS: Adults (N = 93) with congenital craniofacial conditions (excluding cleft lip/palate) who were treated in the Australian Craniofacial Unit. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: All participants completed self-report scales assessing health-related quality of life (SF-36); life satisfaction, anxiety, and depression (HADS); self-esteem (Rosenberg); appearance-related concerns; perceived social support; and social anxiety. RESULTS: Overall, participants were very similar in psychosocial function to the general population. However, adults with craniofacial conditions were less likely to be married and have children (females), were more likely to be receiving a disability pension, and reported more appearance-related concerns and less social support from friends. They also reported more limitations in both their social activities, due to physical or emotional problems, and usual role activities, because of emotional problems, as well as poorer mental health. CONCLUSIONS: These results give cause to be very positive about the longterm outcomes of children who are undergoing treatment for craniofacial conditions, while also identifying specific areas that interventions could target.
Keywords: Adults; craniofacial; outcomes; psychosocial; quality of life
Rights: © 2012 The American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
RMID: 0020121067
DOI: 10.1597/10-143
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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