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|Title:||Upper-Eyelid Wick Syndrome: association of upper-eyelid dermatochalasis and tearing|
|Citation:||Archives of Ophthalmology, 2012; 130(8):1007-1012|
|Publisher:||Amer Medical Assoc|
|Inbal Avisar, Jonathan H. Norris, Dinesh Selva and Raman Malhotra|
|Abstract:||OBJECTIVE: To highlight a case series of patients manifesting epiphora and misdirection of tears laterally or along the upper-eyelid skin crease. This association has been termed upper-eyelid wick syndrome. We describe the clinical features and outcomes of management of these patients. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients referred to 2 oculoplastic centers during a 6-year period for epiphora, who were considered to have misdirection of tears related in some way to upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. RESULTS: Nine patients (7 women and 2 men; mean [SD] age, 61.2 [11.3] years, range, 41-76 years) with bilateral epiphora and lateral spillover (100%), occasionally combined with upper-eyelid wetting (n=2). All patients had upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. Five patients had uppereyelid skin obscuring and in contact with the lateral canthus (type 1), and in 4 the lateral canthus was only partially obscured by upper-eyelid skin (type 2). Five patients (56%) had linear excoriation of skin in the lateral canthus. All patients underwent upper-eyelid blepharoplasty, 3 combined with ptosis repair and 3 combined with eyebrow-lift. All patients achieved 80% to 100% improvement in epiphora following surgical intervention to the upper eyelid. The mean (range) follow-up was 2.8(1-6)years. CONCLUSIONS: We defined upper-eyelid wick syndrome as the misdirection of tears laterally or along the uppereyelid skin crease causing epiphora, related in some way to upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. In all cases, epiphora improved with treatment of upper-eyelid dermatochalasis. Although recognized among physicians, this has never been formally described in the ophthalmic literature, to our knowledge.|
|Keywords:||Tears; Humans; Eyelid Diseases; Lacrimal Apparatus Diseases; Skin Diseases; Blepharoplasty; Retrospective Studies; Adult; Aged; Middle Aged; Female; Male|
|Rights:||© 2012 American Medical Association. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Opthalmology & Visual Sciences publications|
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