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Type: Thesis
Title: The transnational migration strategies of Chinese and Indian students in Australia.
Author: Tan, Ghim Thye
Issue Date: 2012
School/Discipline: School of Social Sciences
Abstract: Migration is increasingly transient, particularly among the highly skilled. In addition, countries engaged in a race for highly skilled labour are prepared to modify immigration regulations to attract those migrants. Australian immigration policy reflects how Australia sees international students as highly skilled migrants. Despite abundant research regarding the mobility of the highly skilled, there is a relative lack of investigation into the mobility of international students and their subsequent migration patterns. This thesis explores the nexus between immigration policy and international education by investigating the determinants of the mobility of Chinese and Indian students in Australia. Chinese and Indian students enrolled in the University of Adelaide and the University of South Australia were surveyed and key informants were interviewed to uncover the underlying factors that motivated the students in going abroad to study and their future intentions when they graduate. It was found that while decisions were based on myriad factors, Chinese and Indian students were motivated differently. Findings revealed Permanent Residency in Australia as a key objective for many; with Indian students more driven than their Chinese counterparts in seeking this outcome. Skilled migration programmes designed to encourage the permanent settlement of international students influenced the deliberate selection of Australia and Adelaide as study destinations; however, questions of permanency were raised as Chinese and Indian students, particularly the latter, exhibited post study migration intentions to either interstate and/or third country destinations. The limited effectiveness of policy was highlighted as Australia's skilled migration programme was circumvented through the use of Australia and/or Adelaide as gateways to preferred destinations. In other words, as much as policy can influence the decision of students when deciding on study destinations, students also subvert policy by configuring particular study destinations as gateways en route to a preferred destination. The implications for policy and its role in shaping the migration strategies of the students are thus investigated. International student mobility is conceptualised in this thesis as linkages to permanent settlement and onward migration highlight the inadequate and limited scope of traditional forms of migration research in explaining student migration.
Advisor: Hugo, Graeme John
Bonham, Jennifer Dawn
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Social Sciences, 2012.
Keywords: international education; migration; transnationalism
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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