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|Title:||Crop residue phosphorus: speciation and potential bio-availability|
|Citation:||Plant and Soil, 2012; 359(1-2):375-385|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic Publ|
|Sarah R. Noack, Mike J. McLaughlin, Ronald J. Smernik, Therese M. McBeath and Roger D. Armstrong|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Phosphorus (P) mineralisation from crop residues is usually predicted from total P or carbon: phosphorus (C: P) ratios. However, these measures have limited accuracy as they do not take into account the presence of different P species that may be mineralised at different rates. In this study P speciation was determined using solution 31P nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to understand the potential fate of residue P in soils. METHODS: Mature above-ground biomass of eight different crops sampled from the field was portioned into stem, chaff and seed. RESULTS: The main forms of P detected in stem and chaff were orthophosphate (25–75 %), phospholipids (10–40 %) and RNA (5–30 %). Phytate was the dominant P species in seeds, and constituted up to 45 % of total P in chaff but was only detected in minor amounts (<1 %) in stem residue. The majority (65– 95 %) of P in stems was water-extractable, and most of this was detected as orthophosphate. However, this includes organic P that may have been hydrolysed during the water extraction. CONCLUSIONS: This study indicates that the majority of residue P in aboveground plant residues has the potential to be delivered to soil in a form readily available to plants and soil microorganisms.|
|Keywords:||Phosphorus; crop; residues; speciation; organic P; Inorganic P|
|Rights:||© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012|
|Appears in Collections:||Agriculture, Food and Wine publications|
Environment Institute publications
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