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|Title:||Mild feline mucopolysaccharidosis type VI. Identification of an N-acetylgalactosamine-4-sulfatase mutation causing instability and increased specific activity|
|Citation:||Journal of Biological Chemistry, 1998; 273(22):13421-13429|
|Publisher:||AMER SOC BIOCHEMISTRY MOLECULAR BIOLOGY INC|
|Abstract:||The missense mutation, L476P, in the N-acetylgalactosamine 4-sulfatase (4S) gene, has previously been shown to be associated with a severe feline mucopolysaccharidosis type VI (MPS VI) phenotype. The present study describes a second mutation, D520N, in the same MPS VI cat colony, which is inherited independently of L476P and is associated with a clinically mild MPS VI phenotype in D520N/L476P compound heterozygous cats. Biochemical and clinical assessment of L476P homozygous, D520N/L476P compound heterozygous, and D520N homozygous cats demonstrated that the entire range of clinical phenotypes, from severe MPS VI, to mild MPS VI, to normal are clustered within a narrow range of residual 4S activity from 0. 5% to 4.6% of normal levels. When overexpressed in CHO-KI cells, the secreted form of D520N 4S was inactivated in neutral pH conditions. In addition, intracellular D520N 4S protein was rapidly degraded and corresponded to 37%, 14.5%, and 0.67% of normal 4S protein levels in the microsomal, endosomal, and lysosomal compartments, respectively. However, the specific activity of lysosomal D520N 4S was elevated 22. 5-fold when compared with wild-type 4S. These results suggest that the D520N mutation causes a rapid degradation of 4S protein. The effect of this is partially ameliorated as a result of a significant elevation in the specific activity of mutant D520N 4S reaching the lysosomal compartment.|
|Keywords:||CHO Cells; Subcellular Fractions; Fibroblasts; Skin; Animals; Cats; Mucopolysaccharidosis VI; Chondro-4-Sulfatase; Glycosaminoglycans; Endocytosis; Biological Transport; Genotype; Heterozygote; Homozygote; Phenotype; Mutation; Cricetinae|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics publications|
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