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Type: Journal article
Title: Pathogenesis of aortic sclerosis: association with low BMI, tissue nitric oxide resistance, but not systemic inflammatory activation
Author: Sverdlov, A.
Ngo, D.
Horowitz, J.
Citation: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease, 2012; 2(1):43-49
Publisher: e-Century Publishing Corporation
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 2160-200X
Statement of
Aaron L Sverdlov, Doan TM Ngo, John D Horowitz
Abstract: Aortic sclerosis (ASc) represents the earliest stage of development of aortic valve thickening, and may eventually progress to aortic valve stenosis (AS). ASc is associated with intra-valvular inflammatory activation, and potentially with attenuation of the anti-inflammatory effect of nitric oxide (NO). We have shown that ASc occurs less frequently in obese individuals, in whom systemic inflammatory activity is generally increased. We explored these relationships further by stratifying a population of 253 ageing individuals according to BMI. Increasing BMI was associated with increased hs-CRP concentrations (r=0.43; p<0.001). However, presence/absence of ASc did not significantly modify this relationship. Furthermore, increasing BMI was independent of tissue responsiveness to NO, as measured via inhibition of platelet aggregation by the NO donor sodium nitroprusside. Therefore the association of low BMI with increased risk of ASc appears to interact neither with systemic inflammatory activation in such individuals, nor with any “paradoxical” occurrence of NO resistance. (AJCD1110003).
Keywords: Aortic valve sclerosis; nitric oxide; BMI; inflammation
Rights: Copyright the Authors
RMID: 0020127707
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