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Type: Journal article
Title: The Moluccan short-tailed snakes of the genus Brachyorrhos Kuhl (Squamata: Serpentes: Homalopsidae), and the status of Calamophis Meyer
Author: Murphy, J.
de Lang, R.
Gower, D.
Sanders, K.
Citation: Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, 2012; 60(2):501-514
Publisher: Natl Univ Singapore
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0217-2445
Statement of
John C. Murphy; Mumpuni; Ruud de Lang; David J. Gower; Kate L. Sanders
Abstract: Brachyorrhos Kuhl represents a terrestrial, fangless, vermivorous clade of the Homalopsidae. Most recent discussions of the genus consider it to contain two species, Coluber albus Linnaeus and Calamophis jobiensis Meyer. These poorly known snakes have had a deeply intertwined and confused nomenclatural history. Here we review Brachyorrhos, and fi nd that B. albus is restricted to Seram and Ambon, but may be present on other nearby islands in the Seram group; Rabdion gastrotaenia Bleeker (from Buru) is assigned to the genus Brachyorrhos, and Atractocephalus raffrayi Sauvage (from Ternate) is also assigned to the same genus. The species on Halmahera is described and named B. wallacei. Meyer’s genus Calamophis is resurrected for jobiensis and its undescribed relatives, which are endemic to the Bird’s Head region of Western Papua and Yapen Island. Brachyorrhos species are endemic to the Moluccas and possibly the surrounding area in eastern Indonesia; Calamophis also appears to belong to the Homalopsidae.
Keywords: Moluccas; Bird’s Head New Guinea; systematics; evolution; aquatic snakes; terrestrial snakes
Rights: © National University of Singapore
RMID: 0020122144
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Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute publications

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