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Type: Journal article
Title: Nutritional and functional status indicators in residents of a long-term care facility
Author: Grieger, J.
Nowson, C.
Ackland, L.
Citation: Journal of Nutrition for the Elderly, 2009; 28(1):47-60
Publisher: Routledge
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0163-9366
Statement of
Jessica A. Grieger, Caryl A. Nowson, Leigh M. Ackland
Abstract: In a cross-sectional study, we determined whether results from the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS), and Katz Activities of Daily Living (ADL), were associated with nutritional status and mobility in long-term care residents. One hundred and fifteen study participants (mean [SD] age: 80.2 [10.6]) provided informed consent. Fifty eight percent (n = 66) responded to all three questionnaires: 12 were assessed as malnourished (MNA < 17) and 28 were depressed (GDS ≥ 6). Higher levels of depression were associated with lower serum zinc (n = 71, r = −.356, p = .001) and associated with a slower Timed Up and Go test (TUG, n = 38, r = .301, p = .030). MNA was also associated with serum zinc (n = 44, r = .307, P = .021). Non responders to questionnaires (n = 36) had a lower BMI (mean difference: −2.5 ± 1.0 kg/m2, p = .013) and serum 25(OH)D (−8.7 ± 3.8 nmol/l, p = .023) vs. responders. The GDS, in addition to the MNA, is useful in identifying poor nutritional status in residential care. Intervention programs that target depression and poor nutritional status could potentially improve overall quality of life, but it is not clear if depression is leading to poor nutritional status or if poor nutrition is leading to depression.
Keywords: depression; long-term care; nutrition questionnaires
Rights: Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
RMID: 0020122405
DOI: 10.1080/01639360802633979
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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