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Type: Journal article
Title: Establishment of exotic parasites: the origins and characteristics of an avian malaria community in an isolated island avifauna
Author: Ewen, J.
Bensch, S.
Blackburn, T.
Bonneaud, C.
Brown, R.
Cassey, P.
Clarke, R.
Perez-Tris, J.
Citation: Ecology Letters, 2012; 15(10):1112-1119
Publisher: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1461-023X
Statement of
John G. Ewen, Staffan Bensch, Tim M. Blackburn, Camille Bonneaud, Ruth Brown, Phillip Cassey, Rohan H. Clarke and Javier Pérez-Tris
Abstract: Knowledge of the processes favouring the establishment of exotic parasites is poor. Herein, we test the characteristics of successful exotic parasites that have co-established in the remote island archipelago of New Zealand, due to the introduction of numerous avian host species. Our results show that avian malaria parasites (AM; parasites of the genus Plasmodium) that successfully invaded are more globally generalist (both geographically widespread and with a broad taxonomic range of hosts) than AM parasites not co-introduced to New Zealand. Furthermore, the successful AM parasites are presently more prevalent in their native range than AM parasites found in the same native range but not co-introduced to New Zealand. This has resulted in an increased number and greater taxonomic diversity of AM parasites now in New Zealand.
Keywords: Avian malaria; introduced birds; introduction success; invasive parasites; New Zealand
Rights: © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/CNRS
RMID: 0020122268
DOI: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01833.x
Appears in Collections:Earth and Environmental Sciences publications
Environment Institute Leaders publications

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