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Type: Journal article
Title: Nutrient intake and plate waste from an Australian residential care facility
Author: Grieger, J.
Nowson, C.
Citation: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2007; 61(5):655-663
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2007
ISSN: 0954-3007
Statement of
JA Grieger and CA Nowson
Abstract: Objective: To determine the plate waste, energy and selected-nutrient intake, from elderly residents living in a high-level care (HLC) and low-level care (LLC) facility. Design: Three, single, whole day assessments of plate waste, energy, and selected nutrients, using a visual rating plate waste scale. Setting: Long-term residential care establishment. Subjects: One hundred and sixty-nine (93 HLC and 76 LLC) individual daily intakes. Main findings: The mean energy wasted throughout the whole day was 17%. The energy wasted from main meals (16%) was significantly less than the energy wasted at mid-meals (22%, P=0.049). The lowest mean energy wastage occurred at breakfast (8%) compared to lunch (22%) and dinner (25%, P<0.001). The mean (s.d.) daily energy served and consumed was 8.1 (2.0) and 6.6 (2.2) MJ, respectively. There was no difference in energy served or consumed between HLC and LLC residents. On the observation day, 60% of residents consumed less than their estimated energy requirement. The mean calcium intake was 796 (346) mg, and the median (inter-quartile range) vitamin D intake was 1.78 (2.05) mug. Conclusion: On 1 day, more than half the residents surveyed were at risk of consuming an inadequate energy intake, which over-time, may result in body weight loss. Although wastage was not excessive and energy served was adequate, the amount of food eaten was insufficient to meet energy and calcium requirements for a significant number of residents and it is not possible to consume sufficient vitamin D through food sources.
Keywords: nursing homes; energy intake; calcium; vitamin D; food waste
Rights: © 2007 Nature Publishing Group
RMID: 0020122415
DOI: 10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602565
Appears in Collections:Molecular and Biomedical Science publications

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