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Type: Journal article
Title: Human judgments of positive and negative causal chains
Author: Baetu, I.
Baker, A.
Citation: Journal of Experimental Psychology-Animal Behavior Processes, 2009; 35(2):153-168
Publisher: Amer Psychological Assoc
Issue Date: 2009
ISSN: 0097-7403
Statement of
Irina Baetu and A. G. Baker
Abstract: Three experiments investigated the way participants construct causal chains from experience with the individual links that make up those chains. Participants were presented with contingency information about the relationship between events A and B, as well as events B and C, using trial-by-trial presentations. The A-B and B-C contingencies could be positive, negative, or zero. Although participants had never experienced A and C together, A-C ratings were a multiplicative function of the A-B and B-C contingencies. These findings can be generated by an auto-associator using the delta rule. This explanation is also useful for understanding sensory preconditioning and second-order conditioning.
Keywords: causal chain; contingency; connectionism; Bayesian models; higher-order conditioning
Rights: © 2009 by the American Psychological Association
RMID: 0020114106
DOI: 10.1037/a0013764
Appears in Collections:Psychology publications

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