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|Title:||Structure-activity correlations in pentachlorobenzene oxidation by engineered cytochrome P450cam|
|Citation:||Protein Engineering Design and Selection, 2007; 20(10):473-480|
|Publisher:||Oxford Univ Press|
|Feng Xu, Stephen G. Bell, Zihe Rao, and Luet-Lok Wong|
|Abstract:||We had reported engineering of the heme monooxygenase cytochrome P450(sub)cam from Pseudomonas putida with the F87W/Y96F/L244A/V247L mutations for the oxidation of pentachlorobenzene (PeCB), a recalcitrant environmental contaminant, to pentachlorophenol. In order to provide further insights into P450 structure, function and substrate recognition, we have determined the crystal structure of this 4-mutant without a substrate and its complex with PeCB. PeCB is bound face-on to the heme, with a weak Fe—Cl interaction. One PeCB chlorine is located in the cavity generated by the L244A mutation, in striking illustration of the role of this mutation in promoting PeCB binding. The structures also show that the P450(sub)cam oxygen-binding groove between G248 and T252 is flexible and can tolerate significant deviations from their conformations in the wild type without loss of enzyme activity. Analysis of the PeCB binding interactions led to introduction of the T101A mutation to enable the substrate to reorient during the catalytic cycle for more efficient oxidation. The resultant 5-mutant F87W/Y96F/T101A/L244A/V247L is 3-fold more active for PeCB oxidation than the 4-mutant. Polychlorinated benzene binding by the mutants and the partitioning between substrate oxidation and non-productive (uncoupling) side reactions are correlated with the structural data.|
|Keywords:||biodegradation; cytochrome P450; mutagenesis; polychlorinated aromatics; protein engineering|
|Rights:||© The Author 2007. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemistry and Physics publications|
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