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Type: Journal article
Title: Nutrient intakes and status of preschool children in Adelaide, South Australia
Author: Zhou, S.
Gibson, R.
Gibson, R.
Makrides, M.
Citation: Medical Journal of Australia, 2012; 196(11):696-700
Publisher: Australasian Med Publ Co Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0025-729X
Statement of
Shao J. Zhou, Robert A. Gibson, Rosalind S. Gibson and Maria Makrides
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To determine the nutrient intakes and status of preschool children from a representative population sample in Adelaide. DESIGN, SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional survey of children aged 1–5 years, using a stratified random sampling method and a doorknocking strategy, between September 2005 and July 2007. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Dietary intake, assessed using a 3-day weighed-food diary; anthropometrics, biomarkers of iron, zinc and vitamin B12, and fatty acid profiles assessed using standard methods. RESULTS: Median energy intakes were within dietary recommendations for the age group. Overall energy contributions from carbohydrate, protein, fat and saturated fat intakes were 50%, 17%, 33% and 16%, respectively. The rates of inadequate intake of iron, zinc, calcium and vitamin C were low, as was the prevalence of iron deficiency (5%). Only a minority of children achieved the adequate intake for n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (32%) and dietary fibre (18%). There was no association between socioeconomic status and intakes of macronutrients and key micronutrients. Fourteen per cent of children were obese (BMI, > 95th percentile); no association between BMI and energy intake was shown. CONCLUSIONS: The dietary intake of children in the study was adequate for macronutrients and the majority of micronutrients. However, low intakes of fibre and n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids and high saturated fat intakes have raised concerns that this dietary pattern may be associated with adverse long-term health effects.
Keywords: Humans; Fatty Acids, Unsaturated; Nutrition Surveys; Linear Models; Cross-Sectional Studies; Feeding Behavior; Energy Intake; Nutritional Status; Dietary Fiber; Child, Preschool; Infant; Health Promotion; South Australia; Female; Male; Diet, High-Fat
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020120467
DOI: 10.5694/mja11.11080
Appears in Collections:Agriculture, Food and Wine publications

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