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Type: Journal article
Title: Predictors of dental visits for routine check-ups and for the resolution of problems among preschool children
Author: Camargo, M.
Barros, A.
Frazao, P.
Matijasevich, A.
Santos, I.
De Anselmo Peres, M.
Glazer De Anselmo Peres, K.
Citation: Revista de Saude Publica, 2012; 46(1):1-10
Publisher: Revista de Saude Publica
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 0034-8910
Statement of
Maria Beatriz Junqueira Camargo, Aluísio J D Barros, Paulo Frazão, Alicia Matijasevich, Iná S Santos, Marco Aurélio Peres, Karen Glazer Peres
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of dental visits among preschool children and determine the factors associated with using dental services. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted with 1,129 fi ve-year-old children from the Pelotas Birth Cohort Study in Pelotas (Southern Brazil) 2004, from September 2009 to January 2010. Use of dental services at least once in the child’s life and the reason for the child’s fi rst dental visit were recorded. The categories assigned for the fi rst dental visit were: routine checkup, resolution of a problem, or never saw a dentist. The oral examinations and interviews were performed in the children’s homes. Socioeconomic aspects and independent variables related to the mother and child were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression. RESULTS: The prevalence of dental visits (both categories combined) was 37.0%. The main predictors for a routine visit were higher economic status, mothers with more schooling, and mothers who had received guidance about prevention. Major predictors for a visit because of a problem were having felt pain in the previous six months, mothers with higher education level, and mothers who had received guidance about prevention. Approximately 45.0% of mothers received information about how to prevent cavities, usually from the dentist. Children of mothers who adhered to health programs were more likely to have had a routine dental visit. CONCLUSIONS: The rate of preschool visits to dental services was lower than the rate for medical appointments (childcare). In addition to income and education, maternal behavior plays an important role in routine visits. Pain reported in the last six months and a high number of teeth affected by tooth decay, independent of other factors, were associated with visits for a specific problem. It is important to integrate oral health instruction into maternal and child health programs.
Keywords: Child, Preschool; Dental Offices, utilization; Socioeconomic Factors; Dental Health Services; Oral Health Education, Dental; Comprehensive Health Care
Rights: Copyright status unknown
RMID: 0020125025
DOI: 10.1590/S0034-89102012005000004
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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