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|Title:||Is high body fat estimated by body mass index and waist circumference a predictor of hypertension in adults? A population-based study|
De Anselmo Peres, M.
|Citation:||Nutrition Journal, 2012; 11(112):1-9|
|Publisher:||BioMed Central Ltd|
|Diego Augusto Santos Silva, Edio Luiz Petroski and Marco Aurelio Peres|
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the predictive capacity of body fat percentage (%BF) estimated by equations using body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) to identify hypertension and estimate measures of association between high %BF and hypertension in adults. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional population-based study conducted with 1,720 adults (20–59 years) from Florianopolis, southern Brazil. The area under the ROC curve, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios of cutoffs for %BF were calculated. The association between %BF and hypertension was analyzed using Poisson regression, estimating the unadjusted and adjusted prevalence ratios and 95% CI. RESULTS: The %BF equations showed good discriminatory power for hypertension (area under the ROC curve > 0.50). Considering the entire sample, the cutoffs for %BF with better properties for screening hypertension were identified in the equation with BMI for men (%BF = 20.4) and with WC for women (%BF = 34.1). Adults with high %BF had a higher prevalence of hypertension. CONCLUSIONS: The use of simple anthropometric measurements allowed identifying the %BF, diagnosing obesity, and screening people at risk of hypertension in order to refer them for more careful diagnostic evaluation.|
|Rights:||© 2012 Silva et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the CreativeCommons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, andreproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.|
|Appears in Collections:||Dentistry publications|
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