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Type: Journal article
Title: Is income area level associated with blood pressure in adults regardless of individual-level characteristics? A multilevel approach
Author: Hofelmann, D.
Antunes, J.
Silva, D.
De Anselmo Peres, M.
Citation: Health & Place, 2012; 18(5):971-977
Publisher: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1353-8292
Statement of
Doroteia A. Höfelmann, José Leopoldo F. Antunes, Diego A. Santos Silva, Marco A. Peres
Abstract: This population-based health survey was carried out in Florianopolis, Brazil, to assess the association between adult systolic blood pressure (SBP) and contextual income level, after controlling for potential individual-level confounders. A statistically significant negative association between SBP levels and contextual income was identified after adjusting for individual-level characteristics. SBP levels in the highest and in the intermediate tertiles of contextual income were 5.78 and 2.82 mm Hg lower, respectively, than that observed in the bottom tertile. The findings suggest an association between income area level and blood pressure, regardless of well-known individual-level hypertension risk factors.
Keywords: Humans; Cross-Sectional Studies; Residence Characteristics; Blood Pressure; Poverty Areas; Adult; Middle Aged; Brazil; Female; Male; Young Adult
Rights: © 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
RMID: 0020125147
DOI: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2012.06.010
Appears in Collections:Dentistry publications

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