Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/77756
Citations
Scopus Web of Science® Altmetric
?
?
Type: Journal article
Title: Afghanistan's ethnic groups share a Y-chromosomal heritage structured by historical events
Author: Haber, M.
Adler, C.
Cooper, A.
Dersarkissian, C.
Haak, W.
Citation: PLoS One, 2012; 7(3):1-8
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1932-6203
1932-6203
Contributor: Adler, Christina Jane
Cooper, Alan
Der Sarkissian, Clio Simone Irmgard
Haak, Wolfgang
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Marc Haber ... et al. Genographic Consortium
Abstract: Afghanistan has held a strategic position throughout history. It has been inhabited since the Paleolithic and later became a crossroad for expanding civilizations and empires. Afghanistan's location, history, and diverse ethnic groups present a unique opportunity to explore how nations and ethnic groups emerged, and how major cultural evolutions and technological developments in human history have influenced modern population structures. In this study we have analyzed, for the first time, the four major ethnic groups in present-day Afghanistan: Hazara, Pashtun, Tajik, and Uzbek, using 52 binary markers and 19 short tandem repeats on the non-recombinant segment of the Y-chromosome. A total of 204 Afghan samples were investigated along with more than 8,500 samples from surrounding populations important to Afghanistan's history through migrations and conquests, including Iranians, Greeks, Indians, Middle Easterners, East Europeans, and East Asians. Our results suggest that all current Afghans largely share a heritage derived from a common unstructured ancestral population that could have emerged during the Neolithic revolution and the formation of the first farming communities. Our results also indicate that inter-Afghan differentiation started during the Bronze Age, probably driven by the formation of the first civilizations in the region. Later migrations and invasions into the region have been assimilated differentially among the ethnic groups, increasing inter-population genetic differences, and giving the Afghans a unique genetic diversity in Central Asia.
Keywords: Genographic Consortium; Chromosomes, Human, Y; Humans; Principal Component Analysis; Ethnic Groups; Afghanistan
Description: Adelaide University Genographic Consortium members: Christina J. Adler, Alan Cooper, Clio S. I. Der Sarkissian & Wolfgang Haak Extent: 8p.
Rights: © 2012 Haber et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0020127370
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0034288
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
hdl_77756.pdfPublished version446.99 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.