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Type: Journal article
Title: Y-chromosome analysis in individuals bearing the Basarab name of the first dynasty of Wallachian Kings
Author: Martinez-Cruz, B.
Ioana, M.
Calafell, F.
Arauna, L.
Sanz, P.
Ionescu, R.
Boengiu, S.
Kalaydjieva, L.
Pamjav, H.
Makukh, H.
Plantinga, T.
van der Meer, J.
Comas, D.
Netea, M.
Adler, C.
Cooper, A.
Dersarkissian, C.
Haak, W.
Citation: PLoS Genetics, 2012; 7(7):1-6
Publisher: Public Library of Science
Issue Date: 2012
ISSN: 1553-7390
Contributor: Adler, Christina Jane
Cooper, Alan
Der Sarkissian, Clio Simone Irmgard
Haak, Wolfgang
Statement of
Begoña Martinez-Cruz, Mihai Ioana, Francesc Calafell, Lara R. Arauna, Paula Sanz, Ramona Ionescu, Sandu Boengiu, Luba Kalaydjieva, Horolma Pamjav, Halyna Makukh, Theo Plantinga, Jos W.M. van der Meer, David Comas, Mihai G. Netea, the Genographic Consortium
Abstract: Vlad III The Impaler, also known as Dracula, descended from the dynasty of Basarab, the first rulers of independent Wallachia, in present Romania. Whether this dynasty is of Cuman (an admixed Turkic people that reached Wallachia from the East in the 11th century) or of local Romanian (Vlach) origin is debated among historians. Earlier studies have demonstrated the value of investigating the Y chromosome of men bearing a historical name, in order to identify their genetic origin. We sampled 29 Romanian men carrying the surname Basarab, in addition to four Romanian populations (from counties Dolj, N = 38; Mehedinti, N = 11; Cluj, N = 50; and Brasov, N = 50), and compared the data with the surrounding populations. We typed 131 SNPs and 19 STRs in the non-recombinant part of the Y-chromosome in all the individuals. We computed a PCA to situate the Basarab individuals in the context of Romania and its neighboring populations. Different Ychromosome haplogroups were found within the individuals bearing the Basarab name. All haplogroups are common in Romania and other Central and Eastern European populations. In a PCA, the Basarab group clusters within other Romanian populations. We found several clusters of Basarab individuals having a common ancestor within the period of the last 600 years. The diversity of haplogroups found shows that not all individuals carrying the surname Basarab can be direct biological descendants of the Basarab dynasty. The absence of Eastern Asian lineages in the Basarab men can be interpreted as a lack of evidence for a Cuman origin of the Basarab dynasty, although it cannot be positively ruled out. It can be therefore concluded that the Basarab dynasty was successful in spreading its name beyond the spread of its genes.
Keywords: Genographic Consortium; Chromosomes, Human, Y; Humans; Haplotypes; Principal Component Analysis; Names; Adult; Romania; Male
Description: Christina J. Adler, Alan Cooper, Clio S.I. Der Sarkissian and Wolfgang Haak are contributors to the Genographic Consortium
Rights: Copyright: © 2012 Martinez-Cruz et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
RMID: 0020127733
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041803
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications
Earth and Environmental Sciences publications

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