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Type: Journal article
Title: Migration and development in Asia and a role for Australia
Author: Hugo, G.
Citation: Journal of Intercultural Studies, 2013; 34(2):141-159
Publisher: Routledge
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0725-6868
Statement of
Graeme Hugo
Abstract: This paper argues that while the main drivers of economic development in the Asia-Pacific region will be a sound development policy and good governance, migration can play a facilitating role at a national, especially at a regional level within countries. It discusses the role of the demographic dividend and Asia-Pacific youth bulges in assisting development in the region and the potential role of migration in that context. It examines the evidence that migration has delivered developmental advantages to sending countries and regions through an analysis of the effects of remittances, diaspora, interactions and return movements. There also is, however, an evidence of brain drain effects having negative impacts. Nevertheless, it concludes that the potential positive effects of emigration on sending countries are being diluted because of poor quality governance of migration systems in the region. These include excessive rent taking at all stages of the migration process, corruption, lack of capacity in migration management and exploitation. The final part of the paper addresses the important issue of what needs to be done if the full potential of international migration to deliver development dividends to sending countries to the region is to be taken advantage of. This includes a change in the attitude towards migration which recognises its potential benefits, a more development-friendly migration policies at origins especially at destinations, capacity building and a parametric improvement in migration management, greater bilateral and multilateral cooperation and more evidence-based decision-making in policy and programme development. A role for Australia in this is also discussed. Migration is not a substitute for good governance and sound socio-economic policy in the development of Asia-Pacific nations, but it can have positive outcomes in poverty reduction and improving the lives and prospects of many people. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.
Keywords: Migration
Economic Development
Brain Drain
Rights: © 2013 Taylor & Francis
DOI: 10.1080/07256868.2013.781922
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest 4
Australian Population and Migration Research Centre publications
Geography, Environment and Population publications

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