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Type: Thesis
Title: Osteometric variation of the human spine in Central Europe by historic time period and its microevolutionary implications.
Author: Ruhli, Frank Jakobus
Issue Date: 2003
School/Discipline: Dept of Anatomical Sciences
Abstract: This study investigates the osteometry and variation of the human spine. 348 human skeletons dating from 28,000 B.C. to the mid-20th century A.D. from 24 sites mainly in Switzerland and Southern Germany, and without macroscopic pathology, were measured with a caliper. The samples showed a microevolutionary increase in most of the spinal variables. As both mean values and standard deviations increased, this higher intra-group variability could be explained to be a result of relaxed natural selection. Various environmental or genetic factors could explain the short-term alteration of the spinal osteometry. The relative smaller size and decrease with age of the bony outline of the neural pathways in males could explain their high vulnerability to modern lower back pathologies.
Advisor: Henneberg, Maciej
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, Dept of Anatomical Sciences, 2003
Keywords: osteometric; human spine; pathologies
Provenance: This electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exception. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available or If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
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