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dc.contributor.advisorAnderson, Stuarten
dc.contributor.authorMorris, James Thomas Stewarten
dc.description.abstractThis thesis presents the results of an investigation of the polarimetric properties of radar echoes from features on the sea surface, including freely-propagating gravity and capillary waves, breaking waves and ship wakes. Analysis and interpretation of the data is based mainly on the Cloude-Pottier H/A/ᾱ decomposition of the coherence / covariance matrix. Variations in the distribution of polarimetric entropy, scattering alpha and anisotropy of radar echoes are examined in the in the H-ᾱ , H-A and H-A-ᾱ spaces to catergorise the dominant scattering mechanisms. First, a review of the concepts and theory of polarimetric scattering from point and distributed targets is given. A detailed examination of the theory and techniques developed to calibrate polarimetric radar systems follows, focussing on the need to calibrate in the field as opposed to the ideal laboratory environment. A new calibration scheme is described that employs a parabolic dish antenna with a dual linear feed horn with two delay lines to perform the radio metric callibration, while a rotating dihedral corner reflector is used to perform the phase callibration; this design achieves stable, accurate calibration to ±0.5 dB in magnitude and 4° in phase. Radar scattering from the sea surface is then discussed in the context of the hydrodynamic problem of describing the sea surface and the electromagnetic problem of finding an approximate solution to Maxwell's equations. The X-Bragg model is applied to predict variations in the polarimetric parameters for progressive and breaking waves. The problem of validating polarimetric measurements of the sea surface is discussed and the possibility of exploiting a quasi-deterministic surface, in the form of a Kelvin wake generated by a moving ship, is proposed and assessed by experiment. Investigations of the polarimetric characteristics of the near shore wave field are then reported and a comparison with the results predicted by the X-Bragg model given. Polarimetric wake measurements are analysed using (i) eigen-decomposition of the coherency matrix, and (ii) a novel method based on the distribution of the cross-polar nulls. These approaches are compared with the scattering predictions obtained using numerical wake prediction codes, combined with the Bragg scattering model. The application of wakes as a tool for studying highly nonlinear hydrodynamic processes is demonstrated using the interaction between the wake produced by a boat and ambient swell to initiate wave breaking events.en
dc.subjectpolarimetric; radar; ocean surface; Braggen
dc.titlePolarimetric properties of radar echoes from features on the ocean surface.en
dc.contributor.schoolSchool of Electrical and Electronic Engineeringen
dc.provenanceThis electronic version is made publicly available by the University of Adelaide in accordance with its open access policy for student theses. Copyright in this thesis remains with the author. This thesis may incorporate third party material which has been used by the author pursuant to Fair Dealing exception. If you are the author of this thesis and do not wish it to be made publicly available or If you are the owner of any included third party copyright material you wish to be removed from this electronic version, please complete the take down form located at:
dc.description.dissertationThesis (Ph.D.) -- University of Adelaide, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, 2004en
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

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