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Type: Journal article
Title: Functional link between bone morphogenetic proteins and insulin-like peptide 3 signaling in modulating ovarian androgen production
Author: Glister, C.
Satchell, L.
Bathgate, R.
Wade, J.
Dai, Y.
Ivell, R.
Anand Ivell, R.
Rodgers, R.
Knight, P.
Citation: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 2013; 110(15):1426-1435
Publisher: Natl Acad Sciences
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0027-8424
Statement of
Claire Glister, Leanne Satchell, Ross A. D. Bathgate, John D. Wade, Yanzhenzi Dai, Richard Ivell, Ravinder Anand-Ivell, Raymond J. Rodgers, and Philip G. Knight
Abstract: Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) are firmly implicated as intra-ovarian regulators of follicle development and steroidogenesis. Here we report a microarray analysis showing that treatment of cultured bovine theca cells (TC) with BMP6 significantly (>twofold; P < 0.01) up- or down-regulated expression of 445 genes. Insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3) was the most heavily down-regulated gene (−43-fold) with cytochrome P450, subfamily XVII (CYP17A1) and other key steroidogenic transcripts including steroidogenic acute regulatory protein (STAR), cytochrome P450 family 11, subfamily A1 (CYP11A1) and 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 1 (HSD3B1) also down-regulated. BMP6 also reduced expression of nuclear receptor subfamily 5A1 (NR5A1) known to target the promoter regions of the aforementioned genes. Real-time PCR confirmed these findings and also revealed a marked reduction in expression of INSL3 receptor, relaxin/insulin-like family peptide receptor 2 (RXFP2). Secretion of INSL3 protein and androstenedione were also suppressed suggesting a functional link between BMP and INSL3 pathways in controlling androgen synthesis. RNAi-mediated knockdown of INSL3 reduced INSL3 mRNA (75%) and protein (94%) level and elicited a 77% reduction in CYP17A1 mRNA and 83% reduction in androstenedione secretion. Knockdown of RXFP2 also reduced CYP17A1 expression (81%) and androstenedione secretion (88%). Conversely, treatment with exogenous (human) INSL3 increased androstenedione secretion ∼twofold. The CYP17A1 inhibitor abiraterone abolished androgen secretion and reduced expression of both INSL3 and RXFP2. Collectively, these findings indicate a positive autoregulatory role for INSL3 signaling in maintaining thecal androgen production, and visa versa. Moreover, BMP6-induced suppression of thecal androgen synthesis may be mediated, at least in part, by reduced INSL3-RXFP2 signaling.
Keywords: growth factor
Rights: © Authors
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1222216110
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Obstetrics and Gynaecology publications

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