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Type: Journal article
Title: High performance hydrogen storage from Be-BTB metal-organic framework at room temperature
Author: Lim, W.
Thornton, A.
Hill, A.
Cox, B.
Hill, J.
Hill, M.
Citation: Langmuir: the ACS journal of surfaces and colloids, 2013; 29(27):8524-8533
Publisher: Amer Chemical Soc
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0743-7463
Statement of
Wei-Xian Lim, Aaron W. Thornton, Anita J. Hill, Barry J. Cox, James M. Hill, and Matthew R. Hill
Abstract: The metal–organic framework beryllium benzene tribenzoate (Be-BTB) has recently been reported to have one of the highest gravimetric hydrogen uptakes at room temperature. Storage at room temperature is one of the key requirements for the practical viability of hydrogen-powered vehicles. Be-BTB has an exceptional 298 K storage capacity of 2.3 wt % hydrogen. This result is surprising given that the low adsorption enthalpy of 5.5 kJ mol⁻¹. In this work, a combination of atomistic simulation and continuum modeling reveals that the beryllium rings contribute strongly to the hydrogen interaction with the framework. These simulations are extended with a thermodynamic energy optimization (TEO) model to compare the performance of Be-BTB to a compressed H₂ tank and benchmark materials MOF-5 and MOF-177 in a MOF-based fuel cell. Our investigation shows that none of the MOF-filled tanks satisfy the United States Department of Energy (DOE) storage targets within the required operating temperatures and pressures. However, the Be-BTB tank delivers the most energy per volume and mass compared to the other material-based storage tanks. The pore size and the framework mass are shown to be contributing factors responsible for the superior room temperature hydrogen adsorption of Be-BTB.
Keywords: Hydrogen
Organometallic Compounds
Rights: Copyright © 2013 American Chemical Society
DOI: 10.1021/la401446s
Grant ID: ARC
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