Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2440/80462
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Type: Journal article
Title: Head- and flow-based formulations for frequency domain analysis of fluid transients in arbitrary pipe networks
Author: Vitkovsky, J.
Lee, P.
Zecchin, A.
Simpson, A.
Lambert, M.
Citation: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 2011; 137(5):556-568
Publisher: ASCE-Amer Soc Civil Engineers
Issue Date: 2011
ISSN: 0733-9429
1943-7900
Statement of
Responsibility: 
John P. Vítkovský; Pedro J. Lee; Aaron C. Zecchin; Angus R. Simpson; and Martin F. Lambert.
Abstract: Applications of frequency-domain analysis in pipelines and pipe networks include resonance analysis, time-domain simulation, and fault detection. Current frequency-domain analysis methods are restricted to series pipelines, single-branching pipelines, and single-loop networks and are not suited to complex networks. This paper presents a number of formulations for the frequency-domain solution in pipe networks of arbitrary topology and size. The formulations focus on the topology of arbitrary networks and do not consider any complex network devices or boundary conditions other than head and flow boundaries. The frequency-domain equations are presented for node elements and pipe elements, which correspond to the continuity of flow at a node and the unsteady flow in a pipe, respectively. Additionally, a pipe-node-pipe and reservoir-pipe pair set of equations are derived. A matrix-based approach is used to display the solution to entire networks in a systematic and powerful way. Three different formulations are derived based on the unknown variables of interest that are to be solved: head-formulation, flow-formulation, and head-flow-formulation. These hold significant analogies to different steady-state network solutions. The frequency-domain models are tested against the method of characteristics (a commonly used time-domain model) with good result. The computational efficiency of each formulation is discussed with the most efficient formulation being the headformulation.
Keywords: Transients; Unsteady flow; Pipes; Networks; Numerical analysis; Fourier analysis.
Rights: © 2011 American Society of Civil Engineers.
RMID: 0020108736
DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0000338
Appears in Collections:Civil and Environmental Engineering publications

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