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|Title:||Changes in hip fracture incidence, mortality and length of stay over the last decade in an Australian major trauma centre|
|Citation:||Archives of Osteoporosis, 2013; 8(150):1-5|
|Nicole Williams, Ben M. Hardy, Seth Tarrant, Natalie Enninghorst, John Attia, Christopher Oldmeadow, Zsolt J. Balogh|
|Abstract:||<h4>Purpose</h4>The aim of this study was to describe the population-based longitudinal trends in incidence, 30-day mortality and length of stay of hip fracture patients in a tertiary referral trauma centre in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia, and identify the factors associated with increased 30-day mortality.<h4>Methods</h4>A retrospective database and chart review was conducted to patients aged ≥65 years with a diagnosis of femoral neck or pertrochanteric fracture admitted to the John Hunter Hospital between 01 January 2002 and 30 December 2011. The main outcome measure was 30-day mortality; secondary outcome was acute length of stay.<h4>Results</h4>There were 4,269 eligible patients (427±20 per year) with hip fractures over the 10-year study period. The absolute incidence increased slightly (p=0.1) but the age-adjusted rate decreased (p≤0.0001). The average age (83.5±7.1 years) and percentage of females (73.7%) did not change. Length of stay increased by a factor of 2.5% per year (p<0.0001). Thirty-day mortality decreased from 12.3% in 2002 to 8.20% in 2011 (p=0.0008). Independent risk factors associated with increased 30-day mortality were longer admissions (p<0.0001), increased age (p=0.005), dementia (p=0.01), male gender (p<0.0001), higher American Society of Anaesthesiologists score (p<0.0001), and longer time to operating theatre (p=0.002).<h4>Conclusions</h4>Despite the relative ageing of our population, a decrease in the age-standardised rate of fractured hip in elderly patients has seen the number of admissions remain unchanged in our institution from 2002 to 2011. There was a decrease in 30-day mortality, while length of stay increased.|
|Keywords:||Hip fracture; Geriatric fractures; Fragility fractures; Low-energy falls|
|Rights:||© International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation 2013|
|Appears in Collections:||Orthopaedics and Trauma publications|
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