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|Title:||Synthetic versus plaster of Paris casts in the treatment of fractures of the forearm in children: a randomised trial of clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction|
|Citation:||The Bone & Joint Journal, 2013; 95-B(9):1285-1289|
|Publisher:||The Bone & Joint Journal|
|M. Inglis, B. McClelland, L. M. Sutherland, P. J. Cundy|
|Abstract:||Fractures of the forearm (radius or ulna or both) in children have traditionally been immobilised in plaster of Paris (POP) but synthetic cast materials are becoming more popular. There have been no randomised studies comparing the efficacy of these two materials. The aim of this study was to investigate which cast material is superior for the management of these fractures. We undertook a single-centre prospective randomised trial involving 199 patients with acute fractures of the forearm requiring general anaesthesia for reduction. Patients were randomised by sealed envelope into either a POP or synthetic group and then underwent routine closed reduction and immobilisation in a cast. The patients were reviewed at one and six weeks. A satisfaction questionnaire was completed following the removal of the cast. All clinical complications were recorded and the cast indices were calculated. There was an increase in complications in the POP group. These complications included soft areas of POP requiring revision and loss of reduction with some requiring re-manipulation. There was an increased mean padding index in the fractures that lost reduction. Synthetic casts were preferred by the patients. This study indicates that the clinical outcomes and patient satisfaction are superior using synthetic casts with no reduction in safety.|
|Keywords:||Humans; Radius Fractures; Ulna Fractures; Postoperative Complications; Calcium Sulfate; Polyurethanes; Glass; Treatment Outcome; Manipulation, Orthopedic; Fracture Fixation; Prospective Studies; Immobilization; Casts, Surgical; Adolescent; Child; Child, Preschool; Patient Satisfaction; Female; Male|
|Rights:||©2013 The British Editorial Society of Bone & Joint Surgery|
|Appears in Collections:||Paediatrics publications|
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