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Type: Journal article
Title: The decay of the flow in the end region of a suddenly blocked pipe
Author: Jewell, Nathaniel David
Denier, James Patrick
Citation: Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 2013; 730:533-558
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 0022-1120
School/Discipline: School of Mathematical Sciences
Statement of
Nathaniel Jewell and James P. Denier
Abstract: We consider the decay to rest of initially laminar flow within the end region of a suddenly blocked pipe. Here the flow is dominated by two temporally developing boundary layers, one on the pipe wall and one located at the blockage. The evolution and interaction of these boundary layers contributes to the creation and annihilation of toroidal vortices in the end-region flow, the number and extent growing with increasing Reynolds numbers. For larger Reynolds numbers, these nonlinear vortices delay the decay process within the end region, decaying at a slower rate than flow far downstream of the blockage. Our numerical simulations for pre-blockage Reynolds numbers up to 3000 indicate that the flow in this end region is stable to axisymmetric disturbances.
Keywords: boundary layers; boundary layer structure; pipe flow boundary layer
Rights: ©2013 Cambridge University Press
DOI: 10.1017/jfm.2013.360
Appears in Collections:Mathematical Sciences publications

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