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|Scopus||Web of Science®||Altmetric|
|Title:||Resilience, self-esteem and self-compassion in adults with spina bifida|
|Citation:||Spinal Cord, 2014; 52(2):167-171|
|Publisher:||Nature Publishing Group|
|Department:||Faculty of Health Sciences|
|MR Hayter and DS Dorstyn|
|Abstract:||Study design: Cross-sectional survey. Objectives: To examine factors that may enhance and promote resilience in adults with spina bifida. Setting: Community-based disability organisations within Australia. Methods: Ninety-seven adults with a diagnosis of spina bifida (SB) completed a survey comprising of demographic questions in addition to standardised self-report measures of physical functioning (Craig Handicap Assessment and Reporting Technique), resilience (Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale, 10 item), self-esteem (Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale), self-compassion (Self-compassion Scale) and psychological distress (Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, 21 item). Results: The majority (66%) of respondents reported moderate to high resilience. Physical disability impacted on coping, with greater CD-RISC 10 scores reported by individuals who were functionally independent in addition to those who experienced less medical co-morbidities. Significant correlations between resilience and psychological traits (self-esteem r = 0.36, P<0.01; self-compassion r =0.40, P<0.01) were also noted. However, the combined contribution of these variables only accounted for 23% of the total variance in resilience scores (R2 = 0.227, F(5,94)= 5.23, P<0.01). Conclusion: These findings extend current understanding of the concept of resilience in adults with a congenital physical disability.The suggestion is that resilience involves a complex interplay between physical determinants of health and psychological characteristics, such as self-esteem and self-compassion. It follows that cognitive behavioural strategies with a focus on self-management may, in part, contribute to the process of resilience in this group. Further large-scale and longitudinal research will help to confirm these findings.|
|Keywords:||spina bifida; resilience; depression; psychology; adjustment|
|Rights:||© 2013 International Spinal Cord Society All rights reserved|
|Appears in Collections:||Psychology publications|
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