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|Title:||A valid finite bounded expanding carmelian universe without dark matter|
|Citation:||International Journal of Theoretical Physics, 2013; 52(12):4360-4366|
|Publisher:||Kluwer Academic/plenum Publ|
|John G. Hartnett|
|Abstract:||The solution of Einstein’s field equations in Cosmological General Relativity (CGR), where the Galaxy is at or cosmologically near the center of a finite yet bounded spherically symmetrical isotropic gravitational field, is identical with the unbounded solution. I show that this leads to the conclusion that the Universe may be viewed as a finite expanding “white hole.” This is not the white hole solution of Einstein’s spacetime but has similarities to it. The fact that CGR has been successful in describing the distance modulus verses redshift data of the high-redshift type Ia supernovae means that the data cannot be used to distinguish between unbounded models and those with finite bounded radii of at least cτ (≈cH₀⁻¹). According to Carmelian theory, whether or not the Universe is finite bounded or unbounded it is spatially flat all epochs where it was matter dominated. As a consequence in a finite bounded universe no gravitational redshift in the light from distant source galaxies would be observed.|
|Keywords:||Carmelian cosmology; Finite bounded universe|
|Rights:||© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013|
|Appears in Collections:||Chemistry and Physics publications|
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