Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: https://hdl.handle.net/2440/81690
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Type: Journal article
Title: Emu oil expedites small intestinal repair following 5-fluorouracil-induced mucositis in rats
Author: Mashtoub, S.
Tran, C.
Howarth, G.
Citation: Experimental Biology and Medicine, 2013; 238(11):1305-1317
Publisher: Blackwell Science Inc
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1535-3702
1535-3699
Statement of
Responsibility: 
Suzanne Mashtoub, Cuong D Tran and Gordon S Howarth
Abstract: Mucositis resulting from cancer chemotherapy is characterized by intestinal inflammation and ulceration. Previously, emu oil (EO) improved intestinal architecture (Br J Nutr, 2010) in a rat model of chemotherapy-induced mucositis. We investigated EO for its further potential to promote intestinal repair in this mucositis model. Female Dark Agouti rats (n = 8/group) were gavaged with water, olive oil (OO) or EO once daily (1 mL), injected with 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) or saline on day 5 and euthanized on day 8, 9, 10 or 11. Intestinal villus height (VH) and crypt depth (CD), neutral mucin-secreting goblet cell (GC) count, myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and selected cytokines were quantified; P < 0.05 was considered significant. In 5-FU-injected rats, only EO administration significantly increased VH in the ileum (day 8), jejunum and jejunum–ileum junction (days 8 and 9) compared to 5-FU controls (P < 0.05). GC count was significantly reduced by 5-FU (jejunum: days 8 and 9; ileum: day 8; P < 0.05) and EO increased ileal GC on days 10 and 11 compared to 5-FU controls. MPO activity was significantly increased in jejunum (days 8 and 9) and ileum (day 8) following 5-FU injection, compared to normal controls (P < 0.05). Both EO and OO significantly reduced jejunal MPO on days 8 and 9; however, only EO decreased ileal MPO on day 8. Cytokine levels were not significantly affected by either oil or 5-FU administration at the day 8 time point. Promotion of repair from injury could represent a new mechanism of action for EO, suggesting potential as an adjunct to conventional treatment approaches for cancer management.
Keywords: Chemotherapy
intestinal mucositis
emu oil
repair
rat
Rights: © 2013 by the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine
DOI: 10.1177/1535370213493718
Appears in Collections:Aurora harvest
Physiology publications

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