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Type: Journal article
Title: Total chemical synthesis of a heterodimeric interchain Bis-Lactam-linked peptide: application to an analogue of human insulin-like peptide 3
Author: Karas, J.
Shabanpoor, F.
Hossain, M.
Gardiner, J.
Separovic, F.
Wade, J.
Scanlon, D.
Citation: International Journal of Peptides, 2013; 2013
Publisher: Hindawi Publishing Corporation
Issue Date: 2013
ISSN: 1687-9767
Statement of
John Karas, Fazel Shabanpoor, Mohammed Akhter Hossain, James Gardiner, Frances Separovic, John D. Wade and Denis B. Scanlon
Abstract: Nonreducible cystine isosteres represent important peptide design elements in that they can maintain a near-native tertiary conformation of the peptide while simultaneously extending the in vitro and in vivo half-life of the biomolecule. Examples of these cystine mimics include dicarba, diselenide, thioether, triazole, and lactam bridges. Each has unique physicochemical properties that impact upon the resulting peptide conformation. Each also requires specific conditions for its formation via chemical peptide synthesis protocols. While the preparation of peptides containing two lactam bonds within a peptide is technically possible and reported by others, to date there has been no report of the chemical synthesis of a heterodimeric peptide linked by two lactam bonds. To examine the feasibility of such an assembly, judicious use of a complementary combination of amine and acid protecting groups together with nonfragment-based, total stepwise solid phase peptide synthesis led to the successful preparation of an analogue of the model peptide, insulin-like peptide 3 (INSL3), in which both of the interchain disulfide bonds were replaced with a lactam bond. An analogue containing a single disulfide-substituted interchain lactam bond was also prepared. Both INSL3 analogues retained significant cognate RXFP2 receptor binding affinity.
Rights: Copyright © 2013 John Karas et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
RMID: 0020133549
DOI: 10.1155/2013/504260
Appears in Collections:Chemistry publications

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