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Type: Journal article
Title: Pollen flow in fragmented landscapes maintains genetic diversity following stand-replacing disturbance in a neotropical pioneer tree, Vochysia ferruginea Mart
Author: Davies, S.
Cavers, S.
Finegan, B.
White, A.
Breed, M.
Lowe, A.
Citation: Heredity, 2015; In Press(2):1-5
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Issue Date: 2015
ISSN: 1365-2540
Statement of
SJ Davies, S Cavers, B Finegan, A White, MF Breed and AJ Lowe
Abstract: In forests with gap disturbance regimes, pioneer tree regeneration is typically abundant following stand-replacing disturbances, whether natural or anthropogenic. Differences in pioneer tree density linked to disturbance regime can influence pollinator behaviour and impact on mating patterns and genetic diversity of pioneer populations. Such mating pattern shifts can manifest as higher selfing rates and lower pollen diversity in old growth forest populations. In secondary forest, where more closely related pollen donors occur, an increase in biparental inbreeding is a potential problem. Here, we investigate the consequences of secondary forest colonisation on the mating patterns and genetic diversity of open-pollinated progeny arrays for the long-lived, self-compatible pioneer tree, Vochysia ferruginea, at two Costa Rican sites. Five microsatellite loci were screened across adult and seed cohorts from old growth forest with lower density, secondary forest with higher density, and isolated individual trees in pasture. Progeny from both old growth and secondary forest contexts were predominantly outcrossed (tm=1.00) and experienced low levels of biparental inbreeding (tm-ts=0.00-0.04). In contrast to predictions, our results indicated that the mating patterns of V. ferruginea are relatively robust to density differences between old growth and secondary forest stands. In addition, we observed that pollen-mediated gene flow possibly maintained the genetic diversity of open-pollinated progeny arrays in stands of secondary forest adults. As part of a natural resource management strategy, we suggest that primary forest remnants should be prioritised for conservation to promote restoration of genetic diversity during forest regeneration.
Keywords: founder effect; gene flow; genetic resource management; habitat fragmentation; plant mating systems
Rights: © 2013 Macmillan Publishers Limited
RMID: 0020137150
DOI: 10.1038/hdy.2013.95
Appears in Collections:Environment Institute publications

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