Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type: Thesis
Title: Dielectric resonator antennas : from multifunction microwave devices to optical nano-antennas.
Author: Zou, Longfang
Issue Date: 2013
School/Discipline: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Abstract: Since a cylindrical dielectric resonator antenna (DRA) was firstly proposed by Long et al. in the 1980s, extensive research has been carried out on analyzing DRA shapes, characterizing the resonant modes, improving their radiation characteristics with various excitation schemes. Compared with conventional conductor-based antennas, DRAs have attractive features such as small size, high radiation efficiency and versatility in their shape and feeding mechanism. Importantly, various orthogonal modes with diverse radiation characteristics can be excited within a single DRA element. These modes can be utilized for various requirements, which makes the DRA a suitable potential candidate for multifunction applications. Based on this principle, this thesis presents different multifunction designs: Firstly a cross-shaped DRA with separately fed broadside circularly polarized (CP) and omnidirectional linearly polarized (LP) radiation patterns and, secondly, a multifunction annular cylindrical DRA realizing simultaneously omnidirectional horizontally and vertically polarized radiation patterns with low cross-coupling. The evolution, design process and experimental validation of these two antennas are described in details in the thesis. The second part of the thesis dramatically scales down DRA to shorter wavelengths. Inspired by the fact that DRA still exhibits high radiation efficiency (>90%) in the millimetre wave range, while the efficiency of conventional metallic antenna degrades rapidly with frequencies, this thesis proposes the concept of nanometer-scale DRA operated in their fundamental mode as optical antennas. To validate the concept, optical DRA reflectarrays have been designed and fabricated. Although the zeroth-order spatial harmonic reflection is observed in the measurement due to the imperfect nanofabrication, the power ratio of deflected beam to the specular component of reflection amounts to 4.42, demonstrating the expected operation of the reflectarray. The results strongly support the concept of optical DRA and proposes design methods and strategies for their realization. This proof of concept is an essential step for future research on nano-DRA as building block of emerging nano-structured optical components.
Advisor: Fumeaux, Christophe
Withayachumnankul, Withawat
Abbott, Derek
Dissertation Note: Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Adelaide, School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, 2013.
Keywords: dielectric resonator antenna; multifunction antenna; optical antenna; reflectarray; nanoantenna
Provenance: Copyright material removed from digital thesis. See print copy in University of Adelaide Library for full text.
Appears in Collections:Research Theses

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
01front.pdf94.25 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
02whole.pdf3.34 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only309.21 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
  Restricted Access
Library staff access only26.96 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.